A small team of the Foundation goes on behalf of Humana People to People to COP24, the most important climate change conference on the Planet, which takes place in Katowice, Poland, until December 18. The objectives of the presence of this team are to remain very attentive to the trends and decisions that are taken in the fight against climate change and to identify potential partners to develop new projects.
Humana participates in the COP24, to hold various meetings with representatives of the key actors of the countries of the Southern Hemisphere in which the organization and its local partners currently implement various actions. These meetings will be very useful when analyzing how to continue working together with the ministries and organizations of those countries to implement more development actions in vulnerable communities.
Application of the Paris Agreement
The Katowice summit started with the challenge of providing the international community with clear and transparent rules of the game that would allow the Paris Agreement to be put into effect and ensure that the temperature of the planet did not increase by 2 degrees centigrade. It also seems clear that it is necessary to bet on more ambitious objectives than those embodied in the Paris Agreement. So much so that the European Strategy against Climate Change insists on the complete decarbonisation of the economy in 2050.
According to data that have just been made public, the temperature of the globe has already increased by 1 degree on average compared to the pre-industrial era. In Spain that increase is already 1.5 degrees, because it is a country more vulnerable to the effects of global warming.
Humana, climate change and sustainable agriculture
According to data from the World Bank, the growth of the agricultural sector is at least twice as effective as any other sector in the fight against poverty. It must be borne in mind that around 500 million small farmers produce 80% of the food that the planet consumes.
Through the Farmers Club (FC) programs, Humana People to People supports small farmers and sustainably improve their agricultural production and productivity, as well as to increase their capacity to adapt and mitigate the effects of climate change. Along with issues such as sustainable agriculture and conservation, gradually have been incorporating aspects related to the management of natural resources, with special attention to water, access to renewable energy, agroforestry, the development of the value chain of agricultural products and the improvement of the nutrition of the communities involved. All of them contribute to mitigate the consequences of global warming.
Climate Smart Agriculture and investment in human capital
The methods, approaches, low-cost technologies and crops proposed to farmers take into account the socio-cultural and economic context of each community, as well as local environmental, biophysical and climatic conditions. The principles of the so-called Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) and Ecosystem Based Adaptation (EbA) are used as a basis to develop community-specific agricultural projects.
Special emphasis is also placed on the knowledge and means necessary to reduce the impact of pests on agricultural production. And also to try to respond to variations in precipitation patterns and the increase in the frequency and intensity of extreme climate events related to global warming.
Another of the central aspects of the FCs is the investment in the human capital of the communities, including the empowerment of the village committees, the establishment of community structures and their full participation in the program. Gender equality plays a fundamental role in the proper implementation of the Farmers: this is why priority is given to improving the role of women and integrating their experience in activities such as growing vegetables, processing them or later marketing in local markets.