Improving the management of natural disasters


The 2010 Haiti earthquake or the tsunami in Japan in 2011 are some of the natural disasters that have shaken the world in recent years. Volcanic eruptions , floods , hurricanes ... Nature is sometimes cruel and unpredictable. According to experts, the only way to improve human security goes through a risk management much more solid .

From this it has been talked about for three days in the forum ' Strengthening the Resilience to Disasters in Latin America' , held in Santiago, Chile by the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR ) and the Development Bank Latin America.

With the aim of developing an international platform to exchange knowledge and good practices on disaster risk reduction and resilience to these , experts have identified the challenges for prevention and reviewed the best practices to reduce the vulnerability of the most threatened .

Experiences of Japan and Chile

The experiences of Japan and Chile, both suffering from an increasing impact of natural disasters in recent years , have been very important to promote the exchange of experiences and lessons learned.

" The best practices have been those that have focused not only on infrastructure but on sustainable development processes with high community involvement ," says Angela White , delegate of Human Spain in Ecuador and participating in the forum.

Human work in Ecuador is mainly focused on community development programs that place special emphasis on climate change adaptation . "The workshop helped us to know the current trends to build resilience to disasters in Latin America , very focused mainly in the cities and in adapting to climate change and sustainable development in rural areas ," says White .

According to the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR ) , the population of Latin America and the Caribbean has doubled in the last 30 years , but living in coastal areas vulnerable to natural hazards has almost triplicate. Latin America is also the most urbanized region in the world: nearly 80 % of its population lives in cities .

" There is a growing concentration of efforts to work in cities. Rapid urban growth in Latin America in recent years has led to a proliferation of highly vulnerable buildings in the cities , which places the population at risk . But we can not leave out the rural areas , especially considering climate change adaptation and its relationship with the cities in terms of food security, biodiversity conservation , a bridge that still needs to design and build , "says White .

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